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Sfintele Pasti

Deoarece Invierea din morti a Domnului Iisus Hristos este semnul biruintei Sale si garantia mantuirii noastre, era firesc ca inca de la inceput comemorarea acestei invieri sa constituie una dintre sarbatorile cele mai importante ale crestinatatii. La cateva zile dupa intrarea Sa solemna in Ierusalim, Mantuitorul a fost judecat si rastignit, a murit pe cruce si a fost pus in mormant. Dupa trei zile, adica duminica dis-de-dimineata, El a inviat ca un biruitor, cu puterea dumnezeirii Sale, ca sa plineasca Scriptura si cele hotarate de iconomia divina pentru mantuirea neamului omenesc.

Sfintele Pasti

Cultul crestin, indeosebi cel ortodox, implineste prin aceasta "a sambetelor imparateasa si doamna, al praznicelor praznic si sarbatoare a sarbatorilor", nu numai o simpla comemorare istorica, ci retraieste intreaga drama zguduitoare a mortii si invierii lui Hristos, ca prin aceasta crestinii sa-si insuseasca invatatura Domnului si lucrarea mantuitoare a Fiului lui Dumnezeu intrupat. Acest caracter special al sarbatorii invierii Domnului nostru Iisus Hristos se observa foarte bine in slujbele legate de aceasta sarbatoare.

Dupa parerea celor mai multi exegeti si istorici bisericesti, invierea Domnului a avut loc in prima duminica de dupa Pastile iudeilor din anul 33 al erei crestine. E stiut ca Pastile evreilor (Pascha) se serbau in seara zilei de 14 Nisan. Nisan sau Abib fiind prima luna a anului evreiesc, care incepea la luna noua de dupa echinoctiul de primavara, data de 14 Nisan coincidea deci cu prima luna de dupa echinoctiu (vezi s Exod XII, 6 XVIII, 27 ; Lev, XXIII, 5-8 ; Numeri IX, 2-6 ; XXVIII, 16, 17 ; Deut. XVI, 18).

Obiectul acestei sarbatori crestine este, deci, inca de la inceput, amintirea vie a patimii, a mortii si a invierii Domnului nostru Iisus Hristos, Care s-a facut "incepatura a invierii celor adormiti" (I Cor. XV, 20).

Parintele Aruppala Gheevarghis